A cryoprotectant semen extender is added if the sperm is to be placed in frozen storage in liquid nitrogen , and the sample is then frozen in a number of vials or straws. Legal parentage considered in family court In , Justice Margaret Cleary of the family court prevented the mothers from relocating to New Zealand, finding that the two women were not in a de facto relationship at the time the girl was conceived. Even where there are limits on the use of sperm by a particular donor to a defined number of families as in the UK the actual number of children produced from each donor will often be far greater. Changes to surrogacy laws in SA will come into effect next year. In some jurisdictions such as France, single women and lesbian couples are not able to have treatment using donor sperm. The agency may recruit donors, usually via the Internet.
Thinking of donating your sperm? These are your rights
The court also rejected the notion that a child can have more than two parents. By Andrew Hough , and John Bingham. Unnecessary to decide whether a man who relevantly does no more than provide his semen to facilitate an artificial conception procedure that results in the birth of a child falls within the ordinary accepted meaning of the word 'parent'. A Parliamentary Commission agreed. The South African family law fraternity is familiar with surrogacy agreements. That act provided for a system of licensing for fertility clinics and procedures. Legislation is determined provincially, which means many provinces are still up in the air, Cohen said.
Sperm donors can seek more parental rights - Telegraph
In Denmark , one donor may give rise to 12 children. The agency will usually provide the sperm donor with a male collection kit usually including a collection condom and a container for shipping the sperm. Is a mother who undergoes artificial insemination automatically granted sole custody of a fertilised egg and resulting child? A sperm donor is generally not intended to be the legal or de jure father of a child produced from his sperm. Cambridge England : Cambridge University Press,
However, Denmark also exports semen worldwide, and where it is the limit of the importing country that is followed, or, when there is no such limit, a fixed amount considering that country's total population,  in order to minimise the risk of consanguinity. Read more: Secrets and lies: why donor-conceived children need to know their origins As a consequence, Masson was presumed not to be the legal parent. Further information: Religious response to assisted reproductive technology. The law may however, make implications in relation to legal fatherhood or the absence of a father. She, therefore, requested the court to develop the law accordingly. Law Department Performance. Where a woman becomes pregnant by a donor, that pregnancy and the subsequent birth must normally be reported to the sperm bank so that it may maintain a record of the number of pregnancies produced from each donor.